More than a thousand books have been banned from classrooms in parts of the United States in the past nine months after protests and activism placed education officials at the center of political fights over race, gender and sexuality.
A new study by PEN America, which champions literary expression, warned of a rapid expansion in censorship after 1,145 titles were removed from school libraries, prohibited in classrooms or taken out of circulation.
The most frequent target was Gender Queer by Maia Kobabe, a memoir about growing up in California and gender identity, which has been banned in 30 districts. All Boys Aren’t Blue, by George Johnson, about his youth as a gay black child in America, was banned in 21 districts. The Bluest Eye,